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Cost and Freight – terms of sale quoting the cost of goods and delivery.


Passengers or goods transported between two points by sea or air within the same country.


When a vessel has turned on its side or is positioned upside-down (bottom up).


Goods and merchandise stowed on a ship, truck, train, aircraft or other vehicle for transport.

Cargo Bays

Facility or warehouse loading dock, where vehicles are loaded/unloaded.

Cargo Hold

The area within an aircraft or ship assigned to storing cargo.

Cargo Plan

Vessel loading plan, based on commodity types, quantities, weights, scheduled unloading ports and other key considerations to ensure the ship is seaworthy, efficiently loaded, and ready for departure on time.

Cargo Manifest

A transport document finalised at departure, listing all cargo (including quantities and descriptions), crew and passengers on board, for destination port authorities including Customs.

Cargo Packing

The process of loading shipping containers and pallets with goods in preparation for transport and storage.

Cargo Preference

A portion of a nation’s imports and exports reserved to national-flag ships.

Cargo Ship

Also referred to as a freighter, a cargo ship is any vessel that primarily carries cargo.

Carriage of Goods Act of 1979

New Zealand legislation governing the transport of goods (responsibilities and liabilities) and covered under Champion Freight’s terms of service (section 19.2).


1. Carriers, or shipping lines, are companies and operators of vessels providing sea transportation to shippers.
2. Vessel types, ie bulk carrier.

Carrier’s Certificate

A document specifying cargo particulars, issued by the carrier and presented to customs authorities.


Customs Brokers and Freight Forwarders Federation of New Zealand.


Abbreviation for Customs Electronic Delivery Order, a CEDO is a Customs export entry which must be completed, submitted and approved by Customs prior to cargo export and loading to vessel.

CEDO Chase

When a shipping line urgently requests CEDO documentation and Customs approval prior to cargo loading for export.


A slot aboard a cellular vessel used to secure containerised freight.

Cellular Vessel

Please refer Container Ship.

Certificate of Origin

Used in foreign trade, a certificate of origin documents the country in which goods were manufactured, produced, or processed amongst other important shipment details including destination, commodity, etc.


Container Freight Station. Also referred to as a container terminal or container yard, the CFS is the designated port location assigned to the storage, loading and unloading of containerised freight to and from vessels.


The leasing of a vessel and/or crew for a voyage.


The person or party who charters a ship.

Charter Rates

Trade tariffs applied for chartering tonnage.

Charter Party

Legal agreement specifying contact terms relating to the hiring of a charter vessel for a particular voyage or defined period of time.

Chemical Tanker

A transport ship specially designed to carry chemicals in bulk.


Cost, Insurance, Freight – terms of sale quoting the cost of goods, transport insurance and delivery.

Clean Ship

An oil tanker which has removed all traces of crude and heavy fuel oils from cargo areas which can remain following transportation and delivery.


Centimetres. 1cm = 0.39370078740157477in.


Compagnie Maritime d’Affretement, Compagnie Generale Maritime (shipping line).

Code of Liner Conduct

The regulation of shipping traffic in terms of shipment quantities between two foreign countries – 20% for owners of the country which is neither the origin nor the destination, 40% for owners of the country of destination and 40% for owners of the country of origin, as drafted under the auspices of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.


Carriage of Goods by Sea Act – United States legislation governing the rights and responsibilities between shippers and owners for all US sea freight imports and exports.


A ship used for the transportation of coal.

Commercial Invoice

Used in international trade, a commercial invoice is used for customs declaration purposes detailing the value of goods.


A commodity is a specification of products and goods, such as food, machinery, oil, etc.

Common Point

Intersection of multiple transit routes.


The consignee is a person or party who is considered to be the owner or purchaser of a consignment.


The consignor is the person or party sending a consignment.


The merging and optimisation of freight consignments into one shipment to improve efficiency and reduce costs.

Consular Invoice

Required by some foreign countries, the consular invoice is a document used in international trade to certify a shipment of goods and details relative cargo particulars including commodity, consignee, consignor, etc.


A container, or shipping container, is a steel rectangular box or collapsible platform typically measuring 20ft and 40ft in length, used for the storage or transportation of goods by road, rail and sea.

Container Crane

Also known as a ship-to-shore crane, or container handling gantry crane, the container crane is a specially designed dockside gantry crane used to load and unload shipping containers to and from vessels.

Container Chase

When a shipping line urgently requests container numbers for shipments that are yet to be gated in for loading. Such information is used by the shipping line to finalise cargo manifests and loading placement/order.

Container Service Charge

Containerised freight terminal handling and storage fee.

Container Ship

Additionally referred to as a cellular vessel, a container ship is a type of freighter or cargo ship designed to transport containerised freight.

Container Stuffing List (CSL)

List of goods and how they are stowed within a shipping container.

Container Terminal

Please refer CFS.

Container Yard

Please refer CFS.

Containerised Freight

Also referred to as containerised cargo, containerised freight are goods packed into standardised shipping containers measuring 20ft and 40ft in length, ready for shipment and transportation.


The transport of freight from one location to another or the means by which cargo is transported (ie vehicle).

Costal Service

Additionally referred to as coastwise, a coastal service is a domestic shipping route that follows a single coast.


The physical delivery of inbound cargo for immediate outbound transport, with an aim to eliminate or minimise storage time and costs.

Cubic Capacity

Measured in cubic metres and feet, the cubic capacity is the cargo carrying capacity of a ship, or shipping container.

Currency Adjustment Factor (CAF)

A fee which accounts for fluctuations in international currency exchange rates.

Customs Broke

An individual or company who is licensed by the government to submit and clear goods or merchandise through Customs.

Customs Clearance

The act of passing imported or exported goods through customs, subject to documentation and physical inspection approval (where applicable), permitting cargo to enter or leave the country.

Cut & Run

A cut and run can refer to the late arrival of a vessel at port, requiring the ship to depart prematurely without loading all reserved cargo and shipping containers in order to maintain sailing schedule. Original use of the term related to the hasty departure of a vessel requiring the ship’s anchor cable to be cut in order to make sail at once.


Container Weight Declaration. Subject to country, federal or state legislation, a CWD may be required in order to transport international sea freight containers by road or rail.